A teacher received stipends for teaching world geography and serving as a social studies department chair. The school district informed the teacher late in the summer that he would not receive the stipends for the next school year and the teacher filed a grievance. Under Texas law, a teacher cannot resign without the consent of the district any later than the 45th day before the first day of instruction. The teacher argued that the district could not reduce his compensation after this deadline, because he no longer had the right to resign at that point if he disagreed with the salary reduction. The school district board of trustees denied the grievance, saying that it waited to notify the teacher about the stipend elimination because it did not know whether or not the student numbers would justify the continuation of the world geography class until shortly before school started. The teacher appealed to the commissioner of education.

The commissioner of education overturned the board's decision and held that a district cannot reduce the amount of a teacher’s compensation below that which the teacher actually received for the past school year once the 45th day before the first day of instruction of the next school year has passed. This applies to total compensation, not the individual elements of compensation. In reaching this conclusion, the commissioner stated that teachers must be given a meaningful opportunity each year to decide whether they wish to continue employment with a district. If a school district can reduce teachers’ compensation after they can no longer resign from their contracts, they are deprived of the opportunity to decide if they wish to continue employment.